Performance Management

Plan Invest Manage ImageThe Office of Intermodal Planning and Investment (OIPI) leads the development of measures and targets related to performance of the Commonwealth’s surface transportation network. The intent of performance management or “MANAGE” is to monitor and evaluate performance to provide insights into system performance, trends, and investment decisions to ensure progress is being made and allow for course-corrections. To do this, we ask three questions: What do we measure?, How are we doing?, and How are we improving performance?

What do we measure

The performance management approach is implemented in accordance with federal and state requirements. OIPI works with the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT), the Department of Rail and Public Transportation (DRPT), and the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) to review performance data, assess progress, and highlight policies and investments helping to improve performance.

how are we doing

OIPI delivers performance data, analysis, and recommendations to the Commonwealth Transportation Board (CTB) to inform investment and policy decisions as well as set performance targets.


how are we improving?

OIPI also works with other agencies in the Transportation Secretariat, like Virginia Space, The Port of Virginia, and the Virginia Department of Aviation to understand multimodal performance and the connections of these modes to the surface transportation system.

What do we measureVTrans GoalsVTrans, the Commonwealth’s statewide multimodal transportation plan, has an established mission —Virginia's transportation system will be Good for Business, Good for Communities, and Good to Go.

Five distinct goals support this vision. The goals communicate the values driving transportation planning, policy, and investment decisions in Virginia. A suite of state and federal multimodal performance measures allows OIPI to evaluate performance at both the goal and individual measure level. OIPI also monitors the various performance measures at both the state and Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) level.

Pursuant to federal requirements, the CTB adopts targets for highway safety on all public roads, pavement and bridge condition on the National Highway System, and system performance on the National Highway System.

June 2021: CTB Approval of Annual Safety Performance Targets for Calendar Year 2022

Sept. 2020: CTB Approval of Federal Asset Condition Performance Target Adjustment

June 2020: CTB Approval of Annual Safety Performance Targets for Calendar Year 2021

Sept. 2018: CTB Approval of Asset Condition and System Performance Targets

The CTB also adopts statewide targets for unique state measures (safety, pavement, and bridges). These measures reflect state priorities and, for pavements and bridges, look at performance of the entire VDOT owned and maintained roadway system (rather than just the National Highway System). There are other State performance measures (without adopted targets) that are monitored to assess performance against the CTB adopted goals and objectives included in VTrans.

how are we doing?

Virginia’s multimodal surface transportation network covers more than 129,000 lane miles of roadways, 20,000 bridges and structures, over 2,000 miles of on- and off-road bicycle facilities, 40 transit agencies, and 2 passenger rail operators. Monitoring and evaluating performance across the Commonwealth’s vast surface transportation network is a team effort. Highlights of the multimodal system, and the approach to PLAN, INVEST, and MANAGE the multimodal transportation system is available here. A performance summary of federally-required measures are available here.


Working with VDOT and DRPT, OIPI develops a Biennial Report on Surface Transportation Performance in Virginia to track Virginia’s progress on meeting VTrans goals and objectives.  This report details performance trends and targets for both State and Federal measures, highlights why performance changed, and describes what we are doing to improve.

To view the full report, click here.

To view a summary and highlights of the 2021 Biennial Report, click here.


Virginia routinely submits data and reports to federal partners, including the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA), and the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) to address requirements for surface transportation within federal code.

On an annual basis, DMV, through the Governors Highway Safety Program (GHSP) submits to NHTSA a Highway Safety Plan including performance measures, targets, and strategies for addressing safety needs over the next calendar year. More information on the GHSP and the Highway Safety Plan is available here.

Also on an annual basis, VDOT submits the Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) report to specify performance measures, targets, and strategies for implementing the HSIP. More information on the HSIP is available here.

Pavement, Bridges, and Highway System Performance:
In October 2020, OIPI and VDOT submitted a Mid-Performance Period progress report to FHWA, describing Virginia’s two-year and four-year performance targets, and performance for pavement, bridge, and highway system performance measures during 2018 and 2019 and expected performance during 2020 and 2021. A reader-friendly, informal summary of the official progress report is available

The next progress report will be submitted in 2022, along with updated targets for the next 4-year performance period (through 2025). FHWA takes the information submitted to update state-specific performance dashboards. Virginia’s federal transportation performance dashboard can be viewed here.

DRPT works with Virginia’s 40 transit agencies to review transit asset condition and safety data on a regular basis and set performance targets to address FTA requirements. DRPT worked with 34 of Virginia’s transit providers to develop a group Transit Asset Management Plan (the other six large transit providers develop their own plans) in October 2019, available
here. In July 2020, DRPT completed a Public Transportation Agency Safety Plan (PTASP) for 15 participating transit providers across Virginia, available here.

VDOT and DRPT focus on transparency and accountability of investments and transportation system performance through online dashboards and regular reports. VDOTs transportation performance program is communicated through a dashboard tracking pavement and structure condition, highway operations, and highway safety, available here.


how are we improving...Establishing data-driven, target-setting processes yields insight into the benefit of current investment strategies and offers potential for improving how the Commonwealth allocates its transportation dollars.

To date, OIPI and VDOT have completed a data-driven, target-setting methodology for safety performance measures, the results of which demonstrate that limited safety dollars are best spent on systemic safety improvements, which produce greater reductions in fatal and serious injury crashes compared to spot improvements. Systemic safety projects—low-cost improvements, such as high-visibility signs, flashing yellow left turn signals, and rumble strips, systemically spread on a roadway network—are part of VDOT’s Highway Safety Improvement Program strategy.

This data-driven analysis validates that approach, and the CTB approved $137 million to fund VDOT’s initial Implementation Plan, which will deliver systemic safety improvements across the Commonwealth. Once the initial plan is fully implemented, these systemic improvements are expected to save more than 60 lives and prevent over 1,200 injuries per year statewide. The CTB also adopted a Virginia Highway Safety Investment Strategy that will ensure that HSIP funding is prioritized for systemic improvements for the foreseeable future on both VDOT- and locality-maintained roadways.

OIPI is also currently developing methodologies and metrics by which to monitor the performance of funded SMART SCALE projects in a number of categories, including safety, congestion, and reliability. The goal of this effort is to standardize and automate performance evaluations as SMART SCALE projects are completed.

Both VDOT and DRPT collaboratively track “on-time” and “on-budget” measures to ensure transparency to the public as it relates to project delivery and schedule.